Specimen A=> Garden egg fruit

Specimen B=> Tridax fruit

Specimen C=> GrainWeevil

Specimen D=> Tick

Specimen E=> Rat {wet preserved}

Specimen F=> Atlas vertebra of a small mammal

Specimen G=> Axis vertebra of a small mammal specimen

Specimen H=> Cervical vertebra of a Small mammal

Specimen J=> Tilapia fish [web preserved]

Specimen K=> Toad

Specimen L=> Lizard

NOTE=> Specimen F,G &H are peculiar to Candidate in Ghana, Sierra-leone & the Gambia Only.


1 ) Classify Specimen A and B

2 ) State the agent of dispersal for Specimen A and B

3 ) Draw a label diagram of Specimen B.

4 ) Cut Specimen A into two longitudinal Section and label.

5 ) State two economic usefulness of Specimen E,D,C

6 ) State two way by which specimen C,D,E can be preserved

7 ) Name the habitat of Specimen J,K,L.

8 ) State two adaptive features of Specimen J and L to livein their respective habitat.

9 ) Mention two adaptive Features of Specimen K to live on land and in water


ANS: Specimen A: garden egg:- Features:

i) epicarp is soft and flesh

ii) many seeds are present

iii) epicarp is edible

iv) it is dispersed by ant.


i) used in Control of blindness

ii) good for ulcer patiets

iii) helps to Control obesity. The type of placentation is axile. The botanical name is [solanum melonge]

Specimen B: Tridax fruits: the botanical name is procumbenis and the family name is calyx. It is a true fruit. It develop from a Superior ovary and have one seed.

The mode of dispersion is by wind because it is small and light.

i) they act as Vector of diseases

ii) they cause great annoyance and irritation to host

iii) bites may become asource of secondary infection.

Control measures:

i) by picking

ii) by using insecticides

iii) burning the grass where a the graze. Different btw weevil and tick: weevil Tick.

1) Antenna present-antenna absent

2) rostrum present-rostrum absent

3) bristle absent present.

Similarities btw weevil and tick.

1) both have head-thorax and abdomen.

Both have jointed legs. Specimen J: tilapia fish-bony fish. Phylum-chlordata. Sub-phylum- vertebra. Class-pisces. Habitat- aquatic. Adaptation of fish to its environments.

Streamilimed body: this allows for easy movement in water.

Gills: offer an efficient means of respiration in water.

Scales: they protect againt injury, control movement of salt in and out of fish body Specimen K:- toad. Phylum- chordata. Class-amphibia. Habitat- live both on land and aquatic habitat.

External features the body is divided into head and thrunk.

Adaptation of the toad of life. On land: presence of hind limb for hopping. On water webon the hind limb for swimming over streamlined shaped for easy movement Absence of neck to reduce friction during swimming.

Specimen L- agama Lizard, phylum- chorama-class-reptill. Habitat- terrestial. Adaptation of lizard to terrestial habitat: limbsare develop for movement on land.

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