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(1a) government can be defined as an institution of the state or country or art of governing.

(Bi) territory: must occupy a definite territiry whcih seperates it from other states.

(Ii) recognition: must be recognised by other states.

(Iii) population: it must have a number of permanently resident people kno inery referred to as government, that makes laws and enforces such laws to regulate the condcut of its people.

(Vi) nationalism: citizen of a state should be loyal by way of attachment to identification with the aspirations and hopes of the state.

(2)(i) legislation-many principles and rules embodied in the laws of a country, form part of thecountry?s constitution.

(ii) customs and conventions-derive its source from customs and conventions which are strictly obeyed in societybut which have not been written down

(iii) past experiences-the geographical historical, economic,, social and religious experiences if people is another source.

(iv)judicial precedents-constitution derive much of then provisions from court judgement passed on every important subjects.

(v) international documents- such as the UN convections on human and people rights, form part of many countries constitutions

4a)Franchise simply means the right to vote and be voted for.

4b)SANITY:a person that will be qualified to vote and be voted for in an election must be a sound mind.

CITIZENSHIP:he/she must be a citizen of the state either by birth or naturalization.

VOID OF CRIMINAL RECORDS:he/she must be free from criminal act or record act.

AGE;person that should fulfill the right of voting must have attained the age of 18years and above according to the provisiön of the constitution.Persön fulfilling the conditiöns of voting must be adult and not infants. 6 minutes

(9) i. statism: tendency for the citizens to be more loyal to their states than to the central government. ii. problem of state creation: every ethnic groups wants a state which can lead to unnecessary fragmentation of the country.

iii. poor leadership: Nigeria is yet to have a purposeful, honest and selfless leadership to direct her affairs.

iv. ethnic problem: various ethnic groups in the country have a lot of distrust for each other.

v. revenue allocation: has been a recuiring problem in Nigeria. Successive governments have always find it difficult to have found it difficult to arrive at a formular acceptable to the other tiers of government.

Vi. Minority groups in Nigeria feel they are not treated fairly witnin the federation:

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